Spider veins are small, superficial, damaged veins that are usually on the surface on the legs, but can be fund anywhere on the body. The discolored veins can resemble a spider web or permanent bruise. Spider webs veins commonly occur simultaneously with other vein diseases but can also be independent.
Typically not painful, spider veins are considered unattractive and if left untreated can spread all over the legs.
Causes of Spider Veins
- Genetics: A family history of spider veins can increase your risk of developing them.
- Age: As we get older, the valves in our veins can become weaker, which can cause blood to pool and the veins to bulge.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, or while taking birth control pills can increase the risk of spider veins.
- Obesity: Excess weight can put extra pressure on the veins in your legs, leading to spider veins.
- Prolonged standing or sitting: Being in one position for long periods of time can restrict blood flow and increase the risk of spider veins.
- Sun damage: Sun exposure can cause damage to the skin, which can make spider veins more visible.
- Injury or trauma: Injuries to the skin or veins can lead to the development of spider veins in the affected area.
If you are concerned about spider veins or are experiencing discomfort or pain, it’s important to talk to a healthcare provider who can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.
Treatment options include sclerotherapy and/or laser, depending on their location and size. If venous reflux is found within the superficial venous system in the same region of the spider veins, treatment of the reflux can help in preventing the spider veins from coming back after they are treated. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution directly into the vein, causing the vein to scar. The collapsed vein is reabsorbed into local tissue and eventually fades.
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